dimecres, 30 de novembre de 2011


The year is 1978. On planet Earth, all is calm. Children are sleep and parents are eating dinner. Buit in Japan, something strange is happening. High in the sky, a UFO appears. Soon a second one comes, then a third and fourth...It's an alien invasion!
Thankfully the aliens aren't real but part or a new video game called SPACE INVADERS. Invented by Tomohiro Nishikado, it became the most successful videogame ofits generation: It made $2 billion in five years. It followed games Like Pong (1972) which revolutionized computer games: Now you could play them at home.

In 1980, Pacman, the yellow face who eats monsters, became the best selling game. Seven million copies were sold. He also became the first recognizable video game character.

In the early 1980, Atari consoles made video games at home more fun and easy to play. Then, consoles from Sega and the Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) improved the gaming experience Nintendo's Super Mario Bros. made stars of two plumbers from Brooklyn.



dimecres, 16 de novembre de 2011

Offer and ask for help

Albert: A barbacue was a great idea, Arnau.

Arnau: Yes, thanks Albert. I'm looking forward to it.

Albert: Have we got everything?

Arnau: Yes, we've got enought food and a lot o
f drinks ; orange juice,cola,nestea.

Albert: Shall I get a few ice creams? There's a shop near here.

Arnau: Would you mind?

Albert: No,that's fine.

Arnau: Could you get a bag
of ice too? Ans we need a bag for the rubbish.

rt: Ok,no problem. I'll see what they've got.

dimecres, 9 de novembre de 2011

Sleepy Hollow

What is it?Sleepy Hollow is a 1999 American period horror film directed by Tim Burton. It is a film adaptation loosely inspired by the 1820 short story "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow".

The original intention had been to shoot Sleepy Hollow predominately on location with a $30 million budget.Towns were scouted throughout Upstate New York along the Hudson Valley,and the filmmakers decided on Tarrytown for an October 1998 start date.

Hollow was constructed around a small duck pond. At a cost estimated at $1.3 million, and over a period of four months, 12 structures were built, several with detailed interiors, as well as exteriors.


  • Johnny Depp as Ichabod Crane: His belief in improved methods of justice, new investigative techniques and scientific procedures is resented by his superiors, who dispatch him north to the Hudson Valley and the small town of Sleepy Hollow.

  • Christina Ricci as Katrina Van Tassel: Ichabod's love interest and only heir to one of the neighborhood's richest farmers.

  • Miranda Richardson as Lady Van Tassel / Crone Sister: Wife of Baltus and stepmother of Katrina.

  • Marc Pickering as Young Masbath: An orphan who looks towards Ichabod as a father figure after his own father is murdered by the Horseman.

  • Sir Michael Gambon as Sir Baltus Van Tassel: Katrina's father. After Peter Van Garret is murdered, he is placed as the leader of the city.

  • Jeffrey Jones as Reverend Steenwyck: The town priest.

  • Casper Van Dien as Brom Van Brunt: A strong and arrogant aristocratic man who is somewhat romantically involved with Katrina.

  • Ian McDiarmid as Doctor Lancaster: The town doctor and surgeon in the village.

  • Michael Gough as Notary Hardenbrook: The town banker and possibly the oldest citizen in the town.

  • Christopher Walken as The Headless Horseman: A brutal and sadistic Hessian mercenary sent to America during the American Revolutionary War.

  • Claire Skinner as the Midwife Beth Killian: The town's Midwife.

  • Steven Waddington as Killian.

  • Richard Griffiths as Magistrate Philipse: The town's magistrate.

  • Sir Christopher Lee as the Burgomaster who sends Ichabod to investigate the murders at Sleepy Hollow.

  • Alun Armstrong as the High Constable

  • Martin Landau (previously won an Academy Award on Tim Burton's Ed Wood) portrays Peter Van Garrett with no dialogue; and is murdered by the Headless Horseman in the opening scene.

  • Lisa Marie as Lady Crane, Ichabod's mother (in flashbacks) who was involved in witchcraft and later painfully murdered by his strict religious father.

  • Peter Guiness as Lord Crane, Ichabod's father (in flashbacks) who was a devoutly religious man who tortured and killed his wife after he found her practising witchcraft.


Awarding Body Award Nominee(s) Result
Academy Awards[47] Best Art Direction Rick Heinrichs, Peter Young won
Best Cinematography Emmanuel Lubezki nomination
Best Costume Design Colleen Atwood nomination
British Academy Film Awards (BAFTAs)[48] Best Costume Design Colleen Atwood won
Best Production Design Rick Heinrichs won
Best Visual Effects Jim Mitchell, Kevin Yagher, Joss Williams, Paddy Eason nomination
Saturn Awards[49] Best Actress Christina Ricci won
Best Music Danny Elfman won
Best Horror Film
Best Direction Tim Burton nomination
Best Writing Andrew Kevin Walker nomination
Best Actor Johnny Depp nomination
Best Supporting Actor Christopher Walken nomination
Best Supporting Actress Miranda Richardson nomination
Best Costume Design Collen Atwood nomination
Make-up Kevin Yagher, Peter Owen nomination
Best Special Effects Jim Mitchell, Joss Williams, Kevin Yagher, Mark S. Miller nomination
MTV Movie Awards Best Villain Christopher Walken nomination

10 new Words

Knight of death-cavaller de la mort
decapitated- decapitat

dimecres, 2 de novembre de 2011


Halloween (also spelled Hallowe'en) is an annual holiday celebrated on October 31. It has roots in the Celtic festival of Samhain and the Christian holy day of All Saints.

Originally Halloween was a pagan festival, around the idea of linking the living with the dead, when contact became possible between the spirits and the physical world, and magical things were more likely to happen. Like most pagan festivals, long ago it was absorbed into the festivals of the expanding Christian church, and became associated with All Hallows Day, or All Saints Day, which eventually fell on November 1.

The celebration of Halloween survived most strongly in Ireland. It was an end of summer festival, and was often celebrated in each community with a bonfire to ward off the evil spirits. Children would go from door to door in disguise as creatures from the underworld to collect treats, mainly fruit, nuts and the like for the festivities. These were used for playing traditional games like eating an apple on a string or bobbing for apples and other gifts in a basin of water, without using your hands. Salt might be sprinkled on the visiting children to ward off evil spirits. Carving turnips as ghoulish faces to hold candles became a popular part of the festival, which has been adapted to carving pumpkins in America.

The day is often associated with the colours black and orange, and is strongly associated with symbols like the jack-o'-lantern. Halloween activities include trick-or-treating, wearing costumes and attending costume parties, ghost tours, bonfires, visiting haunted attractions, telling scary stories, and watching horror films.

When and where is it celebrated? Is it a religious celebration? What does the word 'Halloween' mean?Name 2 typical games.When did it become a dangerous celebration?Why?How do people celebrate it today?

Refers to the traditional celebration inherited from the celebrations of Celtic origin, which have spread rapidly throughout the world, especially for English-speaking countries.

For many centuries, Britain, Scotland and Ireland, on 31 October celebrated the festival ofSamhain, which coincided with the last day of the year according to the ancient Celts andAnglo-Saxon calendars. Samhain was the god of the dead. Some sources indicate that the Gaelicword "Samhain" literally means "end of summer." The day was celebrated Samhain, so on New Year's Eve. At that time, large lighted bonfires on the mountains to repel evil spirits. It is alsobelieved that the souls of the dead visited their old homes to try to find a body on live, and were accompanied by witches and spirits. So it was lit to light the houses and people dressed as witchesand demons to any living soul wanted his body.

With the advent of Christianity was established on the first day of November as All Saints Day. Then, on October 31 became All Hallows Eve (Old English for All Saints Eve, that is: "Eve of All Saints Day", as Hallow is a word in Old English means "Saint" or "sacred" and that comes along with the modern holy word, the Germanic word khailag), whence came the word Halloween.

Many of the traditions of Halloween were turned into children's play that brought Irish immigrants to the United States in the nineteenth century. From there, the tradition, the cultural colonization of theUnited States of America, began to spread throughout the world, and has even come to absorb the customs associated with wearing the All Saints Day, passing some of their traditions in the wake.

Two of the most popular Halloween games are trick or treating or dunking or apple bobbing.

TRICK OR TREATING: is a Halloween activity where children roam the neighborhood houses costumes, trick or treating with the phrase "Trick or treat? '. The trick is a hoax threat to homeowners in the event of failure to provide sweets.La activity is very popular in the United States, United Kingdom, Ireland, Northern Mexico, Canada, among others. Due to cultural export in recent years has expanded to Australia, New Zealand, Peru, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Canada, El Salvador, and in many parts of Europe.

APPLE BOBBING: Apple bobbing originated from Celtic traditions when Halloween was called Samhain. It is played by putting your hands behind your back and trying to catch an apple with your teeth. The player who catches an apple the fastest wins the game. Here are a few fun ideas to spice up the game.