dimecres, 2 de novembre de 2011


Halloween (also spelled Hallowe'en) is an annual holiday celebrated on October 31. It has roots in the Celtic festival of Samhain and the Christian holy day of All Saints.

Originally Halloween was a pagan festival, around the idea of linking the living with the dead, when contact became possible between the spirits and the physical world, and magical things were more likely to happen. Like most pagan festivals, long ago it was absorbed into the festivals of the expanding Christian church, and became associated with All Hallows Day, or All Saints Day, which eventually fell on November 1.

The celebration of Halloween survived most strongly in Ireland. It was an end of summer festival, and was often celebrated in each community with a bonfire to ward off the evil spirits. Children would go from door to door in disguise as creatures from the underworld to collect treats, mainly fruit, nuts and the like for the festivities. These were used for playing traditional games like eating an apple on a string or bobbing for apples and other gifts in a basin of water, without using your hands. Salt might be sprinkled on the visiting children to ward off evil spirits. Carving turnips as ghoulish faces to hold candles became a popular part of the festival, which has been adapted to carving pumpkins in America.

The day is often associated with the colours black and orange, and is strongly associated with symbols like the jack-o'-lantern. Halloween activities include trick-or-treating, wearing costumes and attending costume parties, ghost tours, bonfires, visiting haunted attractions, telling scary stories, and watching horror films.

When and where is it celebrated? Is it a religious celebration? What does the word 'Halloween' mean?Name 2 typical games.When did it become a dangerous celebration?Why?How do people celebrate it today?

Refers to the traditional celebration inherited from the celebrations of Celtic origin, which have spread rapidly throughout the world, especially for English-speaking countries.

For many centuries, Britain, Scotland and Ireland, on 31 October celebrated the festival ofSamhain, which coincided with the last day of the year according to the ancient Celts andAnglo-Saxon calendars. Samhain was the god of the dead. Some sources indicate that the Gaelicword "Samhain" literally means "end of summer." The day was celebrated Samhain, so on New Year's Eve. At that time, large lighted bonfires on the mountains to repel evil spirits. It is alsobelieved that the souls of the dead visited their old homes to try to find a body on live, and were accompanied by witches and spirits. So it was lit to light the houses and people dressed as witchesand demons to any living soul wanted his body.

With the advent of Christianity was established on the first day of November as All Saints Day. Then, on October 31 became All Hallows Eve (Old English for All Saints Eve, that is: "Eve of All Saints Day", as Hallow is a word in Old English means "Saint" or "sacred" and that comes along with the modern holy word, the Germanic word khailag), whence came the word Halloween.

Many of the traditions of Halloween were turned into children's play that brought Irish immigrants to the United States in the nineteenth century. From there, the tradition, the cultural colonization of theUnited States of America, began to spread throughout the world, and has even come to absorb the customs associated with wearing the All Saints Day, passing some of their traditions in the wake.

Two of the most popular Halloween games are trick or treating or dunking or apple bobbing.

TRICK OR TREATING: is a Halloween activity where children roam the neighborhood houses costumes, trick or treating with the phrase "Trick or treat? '. The trick is a hoax threat to homeowners in the event of failure to provide sweets.La activity is very popular in the United States, United Kingdom, Ireland, Northern Mexico, Canada, among others. Due to cultural export in recent years has expanded to Australia, New Zealand, Peru, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Canada, El Salvador, and in many parts of Europe.

APPLE BOBBING: Apple bobbing originated from Celtic traditions when Halloween was called Samhain. It is played by putting your hands behind your back and trying to catch an apple with your teeth. The player who catches an apple the fastest wins the game. Here are a few fun ideas to spice up the game.

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